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A hedge fund is a private investment fund that participates in a range of assets and a variety of investment strategies intended to protect the fund's investors from downturns in the market while maximizing returns on market upswings. Wealthy investors use hedge funds. In India hedge funds are not very popular though.
Hedge funds are different from mutual funds and other types of traditional investment portfolios in that they undertake a wider range of investment and trading activities than traditional long-only investment funds, and invest in a broader range of assets, including equities, bonds and commodities.