Article

What is Money Market
June 07 , 2012

The money market is a component of the financial markets for assets involved in short-term borrowing and lending with original maturities of one year or shorter time frames. Trading in the money markets involves Treasury bills, commercial paper, bankers' acceptances, certificates of deposit, federal funds, and short-lived mortgage- and asset-backed securities.

Money market instruments:

Treasury Bills: Treasury Bills are the instruments of short term borrowing by the Central/State govt and are issued by the RBI. They are promissory notes issued at discount and for a fixed period. These were first issued in India in 1917.

Commercial Paper: In the global money market, commercial paper is an unsecured promissory note with a fixed maturity of 1 to 270 days. Commercial Paper is a money-market security issued by large banks and corporations to get money to meet short term debt obligations and is only backed by an issuing bank or corporation's promise to pay the face amount on the maturity date specified on the note. Since it is not backed by collateral, only firms with excellent credit ratings from a recognized rating agency will be able to sell their commercial paper at a reasonable price. Commercial paper is usually sold at a discount from face value, and carries higher interest repayment rates than bonds. Typically, the longer the maturity on a note, the higher the interest rate the issuing institution must pay. Interest rates fluctuate with market conditions, but are typically lower than banks' rates.

Banker's Acceptance: A banker's acceptance, or BA, is a promised future payment, or time draft, which is accepted and guaranteed by a bank and drawn on a deposit at the bank. The banker's acceptance specifies the amount of money, the date, and the person to which the payment is due. After acceptance, the draft becomes an unconditional liability of the bank. But the holder of the draft can sell it for cash at a discount to a buyer who is willing to wait until the maturity date for the funds in the deposit.

Certificate of deposit: A certificate of deposit is a promissory note issued by a bank. It is a time deposit that restricts holders from withdrawing funds on demand. Although it is still possible to withdraw the money, this action will often incur a penalty.

Repurchase Agreement: A repurchase agreement, also known as a repo, RP, or sale and repurchase agreement, is the sale of securities together with an agreement for the seller to buy back the securities at a later date. The repurchase price should be greater than the original sale price, the difference effectively representing interest, sometimes called the repo rate. The party that originally buys the securities effectively acts as a lender. The original seller is effectively acting as a borrower, using their security as collateral for a secured cash loan at a fixed rate of interest.

Fintotal Knowledge the best place to learn more on personal finance.

The language is simplified and written specially for non finance background individuals.


Explore more in a easy manner.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed
  • No Article Listed

Get the all financial products under one roof only at

you will NEVER GO WRONG with us!

Unbiased . Best Deals . Appropriate Products . No Mis-selling