May 28 , 2013
Picturing yourself with sparse hairs, in a rocking chair, newspaper in hand and toddlers at feet is a task next to impossible, when your career ball has just got rolling. But as much as you hate to think about finances for your grey days (or golden days, if you prefer) you should remember that the only way there is, is to walk through it.
If you are adequately prepared financially, there are more chances of your retirement being jolly and stress free. However the best thing is if you start now, your retirement finances will be neatly done, without having to sacrifice your present little joys!
Tell me how to start
If you are a 25-something you have 3 cool decades to stack up resources. In case your knowledge of personal finance products begin and ends with FDs and RDs, no worry, we will help you identify the right products. But even before you begin you must resolve to use these funds only after your pack up and not dig into them to buy the next trendy smartphone, bike or anything else.
The first step towards your goal is the most challenging one- save enough. The next question logically is how much is enough? If you observe in your Ideal Single Lifestage Report, you should manage savings of about 40%. This is assuming you are debt-free. More on savings is covered in Do Not Spend All Your Salary.
Best products for retirement
Since retirement is such a long term goal, your retirement funds should go in growth assets. Of the growth assets, equity mutual funds are an excellent tool for retirement planning. If you invest in a good diversified equity mutual fund, your money will grow along with the markets, well beyond inflation's reach. This is something that cannot be achieved with income assets like FD, bonds etc.
So pick up one of the best long term funds and start a monthly SIP in it. For more on mutual funds investing check mutualfunds.fintotal.com. For instance if you plan to save and invest Rs 10,000 every month, about Rs 6,000 can go to one of the large cap equity funds.
Don't succumb to the temptation of withdrawing funds at market fluctuation, just keep to your SIP, as long as the fund you have chosen continues to be among the best ones. Only move them to less risky products systematically by the time your approach retirement (read on this after 2 decades). And remember to pump up your investments as and when income rises. When retirement dawns on you, there will be enough funds at your disposal.
Earlier the better- Albert Einstein
If you're still not motivated to start retirement investment from now, here is a classic illustration of why those who start earlier turn out to be smart.
Take the case of 2 buddies Karan and Kumar who start off career at age 25 yrs. Karan is the squandering type and never took investments serious in the early days. Kumar had his share of fun but was more disciplined from the start, so he invests Rs 6,000 every month in a good long term mutual fund for 30 years. Assuming 15% returns from the fund, at the end of 30 years he'd have a nice Rs 3 crores corpus to live on.
Suppose on turning 35 yrs Karan also aims at creating a corpus of Rs 3 crore in 20 years for his retirement. Guess how much would he have to invest, assuming the same return rate? Hold your breath- Rs 25,000 every month! Okay let's assume he got disciplined at about 30 yrs and wishes to create the same corpus in 25 years. In this case his job would be done with an investment of Rs 12,000 a month.
Being the person that he is, do you think Kumar would not have increased with investment amount with time? Assume he added 10% to his investments every year. Not only would he have a king sized corpus for retirement, he would also be in a position to meet all his other financial goals- buying home, kids' education, marriage, etc without taking loans!
Do the numbers look astounding? Credit it to the power of compounding. Albert Einstein called it the 'Eighth Wonder'. He also observed that 'he who understands it, earns it; he who does not, pays it'.
So go, make use of the power of compounding through SIP and without pinching your pockets create a decent retirement corpus.